Governmental Coalition Agreement Between SPD and Greens,
Signed 16 October 2002
(translated by WISE-Paris)
Continuing the “new direction in
Protection of the climate and the ‘new
direction in energy’ not only represent a plus for the environment.
Tens of thousands of jobs have been created in this sector in
recent years. The environment creates jobs. We wish to extend
and reinforce that.
For continuous development of energy savings
in the building sector, the following are to be launched:
- a program supporting construction
of 30,000 dwellings based on passive solar design (Passivhäuser);
- a program to follow up modernizing of energy systems
in existing buildings, including subsidies and exceptional reductions.
The Emeuerbare Energien Gesetz (EEG - law
on renewable energies) and support policy have been developed
with the aim of doubling the share of renewable energies in electricity
generating and primary energy consumption by 2010 at the latest
(with 2000 as baseline).
The federal government is to accelerate extension
of cogeneration and market penetration of fuel cells, as well
as decentralized cogeneration units (Blockheizkraftwerke) in compliance
with the law on cogeneration, adopted in the previous legislative
period, and with agreement of industry for the extension of cogeneration.
In the off-shore sector, wind power units
with a power rating of at least 500 MW should be installed by
2006, and 3,000 MW by 2010. The time limit on subsidies granted
under the EEG is to be adapted in accordance with these objectives.
The federal government will examine the EEG
and make subsidies degressive as a function of technology.
We wish to continue to develop the regulatory
framework of energy law and to re-submit the already prepared
draft energy law to the Bundestag, immediately and without modification.
If no acceptable solution for connections can be found within
the framework of the gas federations agreement, which reaches
its term at the end of 2003, the federal government will prepare
regulations for access to the network.
In the heat production from renewable sources
sector, stabilization of the framework for subsidies will be ensured.
The aim is to double the area of solar collectors in the next
The federal government will pursue and reinforce
the ‘renewable energy exports’ initiative.
Abandoning nuclear power
Under the agreement of 14 June 2000, the federal
government and energy companies reached an understanding to limit
future use of existing nuclear power plants and to guarantee safe
plant operation and nuclear waste management for the remaining
period of operation.
The agreement will be applied in terms of
the spirit of its intent and to the letter. This applies equally
to the federal government's position in international bodies and
with regard to European Commission projects.
After final shutdown of the Mülheim-Kärlich
plant in 2002, the Stade nuclear power plant will be disconnected
from the grid in 2003.
In compliance with the agreement with the
energy companies and with the decisions of the conference of ministers
of the environment, a complete safety management system will be
introduced for existing installations.
All intermediary storage installations in
nuclear power stations should be operational at the latest by
the entry into force of the ban on transport to reprocessing plants,
on 1 July 2005, to avoid transport within the country.
After completion of the work of the ‘working
group on the final storage selection procedure’(Arbeitskreis
Auswahlverfahren Endlager) the federal government will submit
to the Bundestag a proposed decision concerning the criteria and
selection procedure for the final storage site (for nuclear wastes),
in accordance with the terms of the coalition agreement of 1998.
Regarding the question of financing of exploration work, the government
intends to reach agreement with energy companies in view of their
responsibility as waste producers. Questions of responsibility
and procedure, including the decision on the final storage site,
will be governed by law.
The federal government supports the European
Commission's initiative on fixing unified minimum standards for
safe operation of nuclear power plants in the expanded European
Agreements with other states that serve to
support nuclear energy will be examined to see if they are to
be rescinded or modified.
State support for development of nuclear-based
techniques for generation of electricity is to be terminated.