The Bomb Behind Nuclear Power
On 11 and 13 May 1998, India proceeded to test five nuclear weapons
underground at Pokhran in the Rajasthan desert. India had until then
always officially denied that it would produce or possess nuclear weapons.
At the same time, everyone was aware India was a "threshold" state and
that it could carry out these tests any time. Pakistan - the neighbouring
other threshold state - reacted quite quickly and proceeded to its own
test series at the end of May 1998. Since then, both countries have
declared that they would put an end to nuclear testing. India had previously
also tested a first 'device' in 1974, but had claimed it was a "Peaceful
Nuclear Explosion". .
While western countries criticised - with more or less force - these
tests, it is clear that they are very much responsible themselves for
the accession of the two Asian countries to nuclear weapons. Close collaboration
with these countries concerning nuclear power and 'knowledge transfer'
have enabled the development of nuclear technology - both for civil
and military purposes. But at the same time, even today, governments
and the nuclear industry are trying to go on with trade, business-as-usual
concealing the fact that this very assistance will continue to fuel
the development of nuclear arsenals in a politically highly unstable
The present issue of Plutonium Investigation focuses on India, and
gives information on the plutonium industry as well as on other aspects
related to nuclear proliferation. A future issue will focus on Pakistan.
to contents To