et la filière des réacteurs à neutrons rapides"
Robert Galley, President, Christian Bataille, Rapporteur,
Assemblée nationale, Rapport n°1018, 488 pages, 70 FF
Orders at: Kiosque de l'Assemblée nationale 4, rue Aristide-Briand,
Parliamentary Requiem for Superphénix
A French parliamentary enquiry committee was installed on 10 April 1998
to investigate the conditions of the "rise and fall" of the fast-breeder
reactor (FBR) technology. The Superphénix FBR had been declared "abandoned"
by Prime Minister Jospin in his general policy declaration in June 1997
and the decision has been confirmed by the government on 2 February
1998 (Cf. Plutonium
The 30 member enquiry committee organised hearings of about 50 representatives
from industry, former and current governments, administration as well
as from environmental organisations and trade unions.
The commission's report, in opposition to some expectations, acknowledges
the irreversible shut down and comments on the "future" of the plant
as the development of its region.
The main interest of the report, however, lies in the historical analysis
of the decision making process to develop FBR technology in the beginning
of the 1970s. MP Bataille emphasises the fact that succeeding governments
were often not clear on the objective of the plant. Also, he criticises
the influence of the industry on the decision making and notably the
alarmist energy demand forecasts of the 1970s.